Osteoporosis and osteopenia have something to do with the density of people’s bones. This and the fact that both health conditions have similar names are enough to confuse you regarding which is which. Anyhow, there exist distinctions between both conditions, and these boil down to the extent of reduced bone density. Keep reading this ‘osteopenia vs osteoporosis’ comparison post to know the distinctions between both.
Lifestyle-related causative factors and medical reasons exist for these two health issues. You are occasionally likely to develop a condition that could just make bone density to come down. Knowing which factors play a part in one of the two conditions would let you pay attention to its prevention. Bone loss in several women is associated with hormones. Endocrinologists work with numerous individuals who have a considerable reduction in the estrogen hormone levels after their menopause. This makes osteoporosis treatment inevitable.
Men have an issue akin to women. They require not only estrogen but also testosterone to keep bones in a good condition. A man’s body converts testosterone into estrogen, which can preserve his bones, so he must have enough levels of the former hormone. In the event of a man having a broken bone, his doctor would check for the deficiency of the so-called ‘manly hormone’ in his body.
Almost everyone knows how important it is to have enough calcium in food items. With calcium, it is possible to recreate bones. So, you should view bones as containers for not just calcium but also phosphorous. There exists a need for having a steady level of calcium in the blood since many vital body parts depend on the mineral. The body parts that require calcium take it from bones, which is likely to deprive these organs of the mineral. Consequently, you may have brittle bones, which are likely to break easily.
Both health conditions tend to go unnoticed until an individual breaks their bone. It does not seem that osteopenia comes with noticeable symptoms and signs. However, osteopenia progressing into osteoporosis may result in back pain, height loss, frequent fractures, and stooped postures. Several fractures because of osteoporosis are potentially very painful. Conversely, certain fractures because of bone loss are potentially pain-free, so these remain undetected for a very long period.
Wrist, spine, hip, and shoulder – based bones are the most at risk when an individual develops osteoporosis. In certain cases, individuals fail to recover from broken bones, whereas in other cases, partial or complete recovery and movement can happen.