Osteoporosis and osteoarthritis are conditions that are commonly mistaken for each other, as they are often found together in people. But both of them are different health conditions that vary in their symptoms and causes. Hence, you have to be aware of their signs for diagnosing the condition you are suffering from. Through this article, we provide a short comparison between osteoporosis vs osteoarthritis.
This is a condition that affects the health of your bones. It is commonly referred to as the “silent diseases”, as this condition can progress for years without being diagnosed. The presence of this condition is generally detected when a bone fracture occurs.
Some of the common osteoporosis symptoms include porous bones, height loss because of spinal bone compression fractures, change in posture, severe back pain, inability and/or difficulty to walk.
Osteoporosis can develop as you age because of the reduction in the synthesis of bone tissues. It can also occur as a result of the deficiency of calcium and vitamin D or because of some hormonal changes.
Some of the risk factors of osteoporosis include alcohol use, smoking, lack of exercise, bone fractures after the age of 40, thin and/or small body, menopause, low intake of calcium and vitamin D, other medical conditions such as hyperthyroidism.
Diagnosis And Treatment Of Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is usually diagnosed with the help of a bone mineral density test. This is a simple and painless test that is used for measuring the amount of bone present in the spine and hip. Also, porous bones can be detected with the help of imaging tests like CT scans, and X-rays.
Osteoporosis can be treated using some prescription medications. But some lifestyle changes may also help to control this condition. Increasing the intake of calcium and vitamin D and engaging in regular physical activities can be useful for improving the condition of people who are suffering from this disease.
It is a type of degenerative joint disease that causes the thinning or destruction of the smooth muscle cartilages which surround the end of the joints.
The common risk factors of osteoarthritis include older age, repeated stress to joints, bone deformities, joint injuries, family history, etc.
Diagnosis And Treatment Of Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis can be diagnosed using medical history, physical examination, an x-ray of the affected joints, etc.
Osteoarthritis can be controlled by reducing the stress on the affected joints, exercise, heat and cold treatments, pain medications, weight control, etc. In severe cases, the replacement of the affected joints with an artificial implant might be necessary.
It is better to consult your doctor for diagnosing the condition you are suffering from and to know the right treatment methods.