Osteoporosis is a bone condition that commonly occurs in older adults when the bones break down faster than they regrow. This will lead to loss of bone mineral density and increase the risk of bone fracture. The risk of osteoporosis is higher in women who have undergone menopause.
A cure for osteoporosis has not been found yet. Therefore, most of the existing treatment options aim at preventing this bone condition by strengthening your bones and alleviating its side effects. There are several medications and lifestyle changes that can help you in managing this bone condition.
Few commonly prescribed osteoporosis medications are discussed below.
This is the most common drug used in the treatment of osteoporosis. Bisphosphonates are the first treatment received by postmenopausal women who are suffering from osteoporosis. Ibandronate, zoledronic acid, risedronate, and alendronate that the most common bisphosphonates used in osteoporosis treatment. Ibandronate can be consumed as an oral tablet or as an intravenous injection. Alendronate and risedronate are oral medications.
Denosumab and romosozumab are the two types of antibody drugs used in the treatment of osteoporosis. Denosumab binds with a protein that involves in the breakdown of bones and helps in slowing down the process of bone breakdown. It can also help in improving bone density. This antibody-drug should be taken as an intravenous injection twice a year.
This is a new antibody drug that can help in increasing the formation of new bones in your body. The Food and Drug Administration has permitted the use of romosozumab in April 2019. The drug is intended for postmenopausal women who are at a higher risk of osteoporosis. This also includes women who have a history of fracture. Romosozumab is taken intravenously and consists of two injections taken every month for a year.
Selective estrogen receptor modulators, or SERMs, are hormone-related medications that can be used in osteoporosis treatment. SERMs can help in recreating estrogen’s bone-preserving effects. The most common SERM used in osteoporosis treatment is raloxifene.
This is a hormone secreted by your thyroid glands, which can help in regulating the calcium levels in your body. Calcium is a very essential mineral that helps in maintaining the strength and mineral density of your bones. Doctors often prescribe synthetic calcitonin for treating spinal osteoporosis in women who cannot use bisphosphonates.
These hormones help in regulating the levels of calcium and phosphate in your body. Studies have found that the use of synthetic parathyroid hormones can help in promoting the growth of new bones.