Bone mineral density (BMD) tests are presently utilized as a norm to identify the nature of osteoporosis. Google ‘osteoporosis test’ and you will possibly come across BMD-related information. Medical experts state that several individuals who are in danger of developing this disease are not undergoing evaluation. A recent study discovers that having a BMD test alongside a cardiac computerized tomography scan possibly makes the diagnosis better.
Around 200 million individuals around the world have osteoporosis. Doctors can prescribe some forms of medication to lessen the possibility of fractures, but early diagnosis matters much. Nearly 20% of Americans who benefit from Medicare’s fee-for-service passed away inside a year of developing an osteoporosis fracture, as per the National Osteoporosis Foundation’s report.
“Effective anti-osteoporotic treatment exists and so identifying individuals with greater fracture rate who may benefit from such treatment is imperative,” stated the study’s lead author named Josephine Therkildsen.
The cardiac computerized tomography was conceived to look at heart’s condition, but the screening is useable to visualize one’s thoracic vertebrae, which are the bones present in their upper trunk. The researchers stated that adding the aforementioned BMD screening to it is simple, and this move will not raise the exam duration or increase radiation exposure. CT scan images that are not enhanced would work fine provided that the right imaging acquisition methods and calibration system are utilized, stated Therkildsen.
Over 1,400 study participants went through cardiac CT scans for heart disease assessment coupled with BMD tests of some thoracic vertebrae through quantitative computed tomography software. The bone mineral density of 12% of those participants was low, whereas 5.3% of them experienced a fracture diagnosis inside 36 months. Osteoporosis brought about the fracture in 31 individuals from a possible 80.
“We believe that opportunistic BMD testing using routine CT scans can be done with little change to normal clinical practice and with the benefit of identifying individuals with a greater fracture rate,” stated Therkildsen.
Theoretically, any routine computerized tomography image giving a sight of thoracic vertebrae possibly works, stated the researchers. Further studies are required to not only confirm the cutoffs of BMD for treatment purposes but also offer more information regarding fracture possibility on the basis of gender and body area. It is also important to consider clinical factors that increase the odds of one developing it.
Those researchers stated that forming a completely automated software program for measuring BMD would increase the effectiveness of this approach.