Osteoporosis is a condition where the body absorbs more bone than that is being created. This results in bone losing its density, leading to its weakness. As people get older, their blood hormone levels drop, and this affects their bone health leading to this condition.
What Causes Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis can be caused due to a number of reasons, and they are discussed in detail below.
Your diet significantly affects bone health, i.e. some foods and nutrients promote bone health, while others do not. Listed below are some of the essential nutrients that are essential for the healthy growth and maintenance of bones in our body.
- Calcium: This is the most important mineral required for bone health
- Vitamin D: This micronutrient is essential for calcium absorption, and hence plays an important role in the health and maintenance of bones.
- Other Minerals And Vitamins: Minerals and vitamins like phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin K, vitamin B, and B12 vitamins are also required for maintaining bone health.
Doctors prescribe vitamin D and calcium supplements for people suffering from osteoporosis. Along with this, they are asked to eat food rich in these nutrients.
Some dietary nutrients when consumed in excessive amounts are harmful to bone health, and they are listed below.
- Protein: Proteins are one of the important building blocks in our bodies. However, always having a diet that has high amounts of animal protein can lead to calcium loss.
- Sodium: Too much salt consumption leads to calcium loss through the kidneys.
- Caffeine: High amounts of caffeine in diet, i.e. more than four cups of coffee a day leads to calcium loss through urine. This is because calcium absorption is inhibited by caffeine.
To reduce the risk of osteoporosis, you should not avoid foods that contain these compounds or nutrients but reduce their consumption.
Exercise keeps your bones and muscles in a healthy condition, and it helps with preventing osteoporosis. On the other hand, inactivity can make your bones weaker, and this makes them more susceptible to fractures.
The sex hormones in the body of men and women can affect their bone health. As people get older, the levels of testosterone in men and estrogen in women drop, and this leads to a loss in bone density. Also, you must know that estrogen is required for osteoblasts that form new bones, and the level of estrogen drops significantly after menopause in women.