Both osteopenia and osteoporosis are conditions that affect your bone health. These diseases can deteriorate the health of your bones thereby making them extremely vulnerable to fractures. You should be aware of these conditions for taking precautions against them. Hence, we provide a short comparison between osteopenia vs osteoporosis for your knowledge.
Both osteopenia and osteoporosis can make your bones weak, but osteoporosis can have severe impacts on your bones than osteopenia. Osteoporosis patients are at higher risk of bone fractures when compared to people who are suffering from osteopenia. However, osteopenia is found more commonly in people than osteoporosis. So both conditions can be dangerous. Also, people with osteopenia are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. Hence, you have to be very careful if you have any of these conditions.
Causes Of Osteoporosis And Osteopenia
Both these conditions usually occur when you age. After the age of 30, the synthesis of bone tissues might decrease. Hence, it may not be able to compensate for the loss of bones thereby causing reduced bone density. This can weaken the bones thereby leading to fractures even from minor stress.
Also, the deficiency of nutrients like calcium and vitamin D can also increase the risk of these conditions. So it is important for you to take foods that are rich in these nutrients for promoting your bone health.
Risk Factors Of Osteoporosis And Osteopenia
Osteoporosis and osteopenia have similar risk factors. Some of them include intake of inadequate amounts of vitamin D and calcium, genetics, hormonal changes (for instance, menopause in women), excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, thin frame, certain medications, immobility, etc.
Signs Of Osteoporosis And Osteopenia
Both these conditions may not exhibit any signs or symptoms in the initial stages and you may not be able to diagnose their presence till they become worse.
You will have a reduction in bone density if you are suffering from osteopenia. It may not have any symptoms, as bone loss does not lead to pain.
However, your condition will become worse if you are suffering from osteoporosis. Even though this condition may not cause any symptoms in the initial stages, it can lead to problems like back pain, a stooped posture, loss of height, etc. when it progresses. Hence, you should be very careful if you are suffering from this condition.
Both osteoporosis and osteopenia are conditions that are commonly found in people. These conditions can have adverse impacts on your bone health. So it is important for you to take precautions against them for preventing their development. Eating foods that are rich in vitamin D and calcium can help to reduce the risk of these conditions to a great extent.